From hors d’oeuvres to desserts, there is one ingredient that almost always makes the cut: cheese. But although the whole world shares a mutual love for cheese, not everyone knows their way around it.
There are thousands of variants of cheese. Each country has its own unique type with different variants. This is due to the diversity in ingredients you can use to make one. For starters, you can use different types of milk, such as cow’s, goat’s, and sheep’s. Add the variety of processes you can use to make cheese. Put simply, the cheese making process opens virtually infinite possibilities.
Nonetheless, you have to know at least the popular types, especially in terms of nutrition. According to Hatch & Co., these are the basic cheese types that every food lover should be familiar with:
Cheddar is a favourite around the world, mainly because of its accessibility and texture. It’s rich in calcium and zinc, although it does have high fat content, too.
When you want to go somewhere on the unhealthy route, cream cheese is the way to go. It is nearly 50% fat with minimal calcium content. On the plus side, it has a distinct taste many have come to love.
Edam cheese features high calcium content with a medium amount of fat, but it’s also high in salt. For this reason, doctors advise against consuming Edam when you have hypertension.
Feta is perhaps the most popular cheese made of sheep’s milk. It’s pretty low on calories and has high calcium. Like the Edam, however, feta cheese is high in salt. A 30 gram portion already takes a fifth of the daily salt intake women need.
Although calcium and zinc are nearly non-existent in goat cheese, it makes up for it with its low calorie content and high amount of vitamin D.
Pizza, anyone? The favourite pizza cheese has a decent amount of calcium, although it has quite an amount of unhealthy saturates.
Parmesan cheese makes pasta dishes shine. Despite the high salt content, it is an excellent source of calcium and zinc.
Ricotta is also quite popular. The good thing about this cheese is that it is quite healthy. It’s low in salt and fat whilst maintaining a decent amount of calcium.
High in calories and folic acid while low in calcium – that is the blue-veined cheese that is Stilton. Pregnant women, however, shouldn’t consume this because of its listeria risk.
Apart from its taste, what’s great in Swiss cheese is its nutritional value. The cheese is high in protein, zinc, and minerals, thus making it a healthy choice for any dish.
It’s easier to stay healthy when you know what you eat. In the case of cheese, you need to know the nutritional value of each type to watch your diet.