Oral health issues are common in people who live with chronic illnesses. Indeed, the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research estimates that more than one-third of persons have mouth problems that stem from a compromised immune system. Here are five oral manifestations you should check with your dentist or doctor in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1. Oral Thrush/Candidiasis
This fungal infection causes white or yellowish sores anywhere in the mouth. If you try to remove the patches and wipe them, there is redness or bleeding. Sometimes, oral thrush can cause a burning feeling. There are prescription antifungal lozenges and mouthwashes for mild cases of candidiasis. Severe cases require antifungal pills.
2. Oral Warts
These are small, rough bumps caused by the human papillomavirus. The bumps can develop inside the lips or anywhere else inside the mouth. The warts are usually not painful, and any dentist in Cincinnati OH can remove them surgically or freeze them off.
3. Canker Sores
These are painful round or oval sores that appear on the inside of the cheeks, lips or sometimes on the tongue. Usually, the sores have red edges and a white center. There are over-the-counter creams for mild cases of canker sores. A doctor can recommend corticosteroid pills to treat more severe cases.
4. Hairy Leukoplakia
This condition is characterized by white, hairy patches that don’t go away on the side or surface of the tongue. Hairy leukoplakia usually affects individuals with weakened immune systems. Mild cases often don’t need treatment, but dentists recommend prescription pills and pain relievers for severe cases.
This viral infection can cause red sores mostly on the roof of the mouth. If the red sores appear on the outside of the lips, they are called fever blisters. Prescription pills help reduce the frequency of herpes outbreaks and lessen healing time.
The mouth plays a crucial role in many physiologic processes. Unsurprisingly, the mouth is often affected by numerous systemic diseases. Diseases such as HIV can also weaken the immune system and make people more vulnerable to various oral health complications. Luckily, even the most common HIV-linked oral problems can be treated.