For most of human history, the vast expanse of the ocean and bodies of water—which covers 70% of the Earth’s surface—remained uncharted. The last few decades, however, saw technology pave the way for people to witness the wonders of the deep ocean landscape. With robotics, underwater cameras, and laser scanning systems, marine biologists are able to explore and learn more about the vast aquatic terrain. All kinds of technology allowed for better underwater surveys, pipeline inspections, marine biology research and even shipwreck explorations.
Look at some of the latest equipment used in further discovering the then-hidden world under the sea:
Experts from Laser Tools Co., Inc. say that underwater laser systems are commonly used to get measurements and set distances for accurate scaling and dimensioning. Some industries also use it to conduct pipeline and asset inspection. The technologies proved to be effective in preventing risks from oilrig sinks through monitoring, inspection, maintenance and repair.
Sonar is a basic tool used in underwater surveys. This equipment detects and finds objects through sound waves. It produces an acoustic pulse that bounces back when an object reflects the sound waves produced. The echo, then, will appear as a data point. These data points will be determined by the angle of the sonar head, speed of the sound in water, and travel time.
Special Camera Lenses
Survey cameras are equipped with special lenses to enable a clear and accurate monitoring of the entire interior surface of a pipe or sewer. The equipment registers images that can be improved and analysed off-site after finishing the survey. Many benefit from this technology because it stores a permanent visual file and minimize the time spent on site, thus reducing expenses.
Because of technology, the vast aquatic world will no longer remain undiscovered. Modern equipment provided numerous opportunities for exploration and advancement of marine knowledge, which ultimately empowered the human race.